Common Fertility Tests
Some fertility testing options at our Tucson clinic can be done prior to seeing a Reproductive Endocrinologist and Fertility Specialist. Many diagnostic tests are covered by insurance, but you will want to check your benefits package to be certain (we can help you with this if you need). Most fertility test codes are coded for either fertility testing or irregular menstruation, depending on your specific diagnosis.
If you’ll be responsible for paying part or all of the cost of your treatment yourself, we’re completely transparent and up-front about the prices for these tests, and we’ll inform you ahead of time what you can expect to owe.
The common tests mentioned here are performed on the female partner, except where indicated.
- Day-three blood tests: These fertility testing methods are performed on the second-to-fifth day of the menstrual cycle, and include checking the levels of hormones such as FSH, LH, Estradiol, TSH, and Prolactin.
- Female physical exam: This method of fertility testing typically involves a general exam, comprehensive pelvic exam, including a transvaginal ultrasound of the ovaries and uterus, as well as cultures of the cervix. Pap smears and a breast exam may be performed if you have not had your annual with your gynecologist
- Testing for genetic mutation carrier status (for hereditary diseases like Cystic Fibrosis): This test may be indicated for one or both partners. Diagnostic tests may be indicated for diseases like HIV, Hepatitis, Gonorrhea and Syphilis.
- Hysterosalpingogram (HSG): This fertility testing method is an x-ray dye test of the uterus and fallopian tubes. It can diagnose tube blockage and uterine anomalies.
- Semen Analysis: In this type of fertility testing, a sample of the male’s semen is collected following 48 hours of abstinence. A laboratory that specializes in fertility testing procedures should conduct the analysis. A special sample collection kit is required. If this analysis indicates male factor infertility, we will ask that the male partner consult a urologist to make sure that the testes, penis and scrotum are normal. Cultures for infection may also be taken as well as blood testing to rule out infection or hormone problems as a cause for the fertility problem.
- Pelvic (transvaginal) ultrasound: This type of fertility testing is performed for a detailed look at the uterus and ovaries. This ultrasound will indicate the position of your ovaries in the pelvis, the position of the uterus, and will show any uterine fibroids or other abnormalities in the reproductive pelvis.
Other diagnostic fertility testing options may be indicated for specific diseases, depending on the medical and family histories of both the male and female partner.